From the colonial period to post-socialism, Mapiko’s performance, a traditional initiation rite, enables the expression of an invisible magic world but also of social criticisms and staged identities. Mapiko masks were traditionally caricatures of characters of a magical (imaginary) world or of real persons known from the community or region. Characterised by a strong sense of satire, the masks used to propose a reflection on aspects and values of contemporary national affairs.

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